Because of this, historical views on the topic differ in their interpretations of the meanings, causes and consequences of the events, rather than in the accuracy of their depiction of the events themselves. [206][207][208][209] The Primera Junta did not pledge allegiance to the Council of Regency, which was still in operation, and in 1810 it still seemed unlikely that Napoleon would be defeated and Ferdinand returned to the throne (which finally happened on December 11, 1813, with the Treaty of Valençay). [169] This reduced the power of the counter-revolutionary army by means of desertions and sabotage. [34] This political project, known as Carlotism, sought to prevent a French invasion of the Americas. [186] Domingo Faustino Sarmiento stated similar views in his Facundo, and noted that cities were more receptive to republican ideas, while rural areas were more resistant to them, which led to the surge of caudillos.[187]. [61] A swift reaction from the Spanish authorities defeated those rebellions. [56] The criollo militias shared Belgrano's proposal,[56] but Liniers handed over the government to Cisneros without resistance. [84] In the fourth act, Morante made a patriotic speech, about the Gaul threat to Rome (the Gauls are ancestors of the French people) and the need for strong leadership to resist the danger. [179] It was dissolved shortly after the June 1811 defeat of the Argentine troops at the Battle of Huaqui, and two successive triumvirates exercised executive power over the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. Today the country celebrates its independence with the celebration of Revolution day. [83] This comment was designed to pressure Lezica into speeding up the legal system to allow the people to express themselves, or otherwise risk a major rebellion. [71] His proposal was to make a government body that would rule on behalf of Ferdinand VII, together with Viceroy of Peru José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa, Governor of Potosí Francisco de Paula Sanz and President of the Royal Audiencia of Charcas Vicente Nieto. Napoleon Bonaparte's takeover of Spain sparked the May Revolution in Argentina. Not only is there no reason to get rid of the Viceroy, but even if no part of Spain remained unsubdued, the Spaniards in America ought to take it back and resume command over it. The following are the national public holidays and other observances of Argentina. National Day is a public holiday in Argentina. [153] Rodríguez headed to Azcuenaga's house to meet the other revolutionaries to plan the final stages of the revolution. [114] Manuel Alberti, Miguel de Azcuénaga (who would be members of the Primera Junta some days later), Escalada and Argerich (or Aguirre) supported his vote, among others. [124] After the presentations, people voted for the continuation of the Viceroy, alone or at the head of a junta, or his dismissal. [25] This was in part because the clergy controlled the entire educational system in Spanish America, which led the population to hold the same conservative ideas and follow the same customs as in Spain. So I suggest we vote: that we replace the Viceroy with a new authority that will be subject to the parent state if it is saved from the French, and independent if Spain is finally subjugated. The cities of Rosario (Santa Fe), Junín (Buenos Aires) and Resistencia (Chaco) have eponymous squares. [36], Martín de Álzaga began a mutiny to remove Liniers. [184] Until then, the conception of the common good prevailed: while royal authority was fully respected, if an instruction from the crown of Spain was considered detrimental to the common good of the local population, it was half-met or simply ignored. [111][132] Four other members were appointed to the Junta: criollos Cornelio Saavedra and Juan José Castelli, and peninsulars Juan Nepomuceno Solá and José Santos Inchaurregui. [153] The demonstration overran the Cabildo again, and reached the hall of deliberations. [154] Beruti spoke on behalf of the people, and said that the new Junta should be elected by the people and not by the Cabildo. [79], The Viceroy, trying to calm the criollos, gave his own version of events in a proclamation. [93] They learned the result of the meeting with Cisneros, but were unsure as to whether Cisneros intended to keep his word. The voting lasted for a long time, and the result was to dismiss the Viceroy by a large majority: 155 votes to 69. [120][123], The debate took all day, and the votes were counted very late that night. [196] These authors' views were treated as canonical until the end of the 19th century, when the proximity of the centennial encouraged authors to seek new perspectives. The concept of the divine right of kings was questioned by the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, by the oft-quoted statement that "all men are created equal" in the United States Declaration of Independence and even by the Spanish church. The Republic of Argentina will celebrate the 200th anniversary of its National Day on May 25. [151] As had happened several times in the last few days, Romero explained that the soldiers would mutiny if forced to fight against the rioters on behalf of Cisneros. [132] The commanders of the armed forces, including Saavedra and Pedro Andrés García, agreed to this code. [226] When Ferdinand VII stood against his father Charles IV, who was seen as an absolutist king, many Spaniards got the mistaken impression that he sympathized with the new enlightened ideas. [120], Manuel José Reyes stated that he found no reason to depose the Viceroy, and that it would be enough to appoint a junta headed by Cisneros. Type. May 25 is a national day in Argentina, known as First Patriotic Government, with the character of a public holiday. [221] The intention was not to cut ties with Spain, but to reformulate the relationship; similarly, the American Revolution was not separatist at its initial steps either. National Day is a public holiday in Argentina. Wed. May 25. [125] A small group supported the proposal of Martín José de Choteco, who also supported Cisneros. [106] He felt that the open cabildo would lack legitimacy if too many criollos were allowed to take part in it as a result of the aforementioned manipulation of the guest list. Historians today debate whether the revolutionaries were truly loyal to the Spanish crown or whether the declaration of fidelity to the king was a necessary ruse to conceal the true objective—to achieve independence—from a population that was not yet ready to accept such a radical change. [42] A law enacted in 1778 required the treasury to be moved to a safe location in the case of a foreign attack, but Sobremonte was still seen as a coward by the population. [70] The city of Seville had been invaded by French armies, which were already dominating most of the Iberian Peninsula. [140] He sent a resignation letter to the Cabildo for consideration on the following day. [98] Demands for Cisneros' immediate resignation replaced those for an open cabildo. [69], On 14 May 1810, the schooner HMS Mistletoe arrived at Buenos Aires with European newspapers that reported the dissolution of the Supreme Central Junta the previous January. [1] News of the events of 1789 and copies of the publications of the French Revolution spread around Spain despite efforts to keep them at bay. [232] By 1880, the federalization of Buenos Aires removed the local connotations and the May Revolution was considered the birth of the nation. [20] As a result, Buenos Aires smuggled those products that could not be obtained legitimately. The fact that Spain aided the colonies in their struggle against Britain weakened the idea that it would be a crime to end one's allegiance to the parent state. French and Beruti signed the document, stating "for me and for six hundred more". [61] Murillo tried to defend La Paz, but his 800 militiamen were completely outnumbered by the more than 5,000 soldiers sent from Lima. Historical events for the 25th of May. [233], A representation of a cabildo is used on Argentine 25-cent coins,[234] and an image of the Sun of May appears on the 5-cent coin. [122] Moreno told Planes that the Cabildo was about to betray them. [139] They warned that they did not have the power to stop that: neither Castelli to stop his friends, nor Saavedra to prevent the Regiment of Patricians from mutiny. [221] Thus, it would have the characteristics of a civil war instead. [114], Attorney Manuel Genaro Villota, representative of the Spanish, said that the city of Buenos Aires had no right to make unilateral decisions about the legitimacy of the Viceroy or the Council of Regency without the participation of other cities of the Viceroyalty. [50] The riot was quickly routed when criollo militias led by Cornelio Saavedra surrounded the plaza and dispersed the insurgents. There was no aid from Spain during either invasion. [142] Because of delays in issuing an official resolution, the crowd became agitated, clamoring that "the people want to know what is going on!". This proved to be the first step towards independence. Asunción del Paraguay rejected the Junta and swore loyalty to the Council of Regency. [68], The May Week was the period of time in Buenos Aires which began with the confirmation of the fall of the Supreme Central Junta and ended with the dismissal of Cisneros and the establishment of the Primera Junta. 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argentina national day may 25

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