Roots features news and reports on GFC and our member’s activities, feedback from international events related to forests, as well as notice of future meetings and events. Online here. The World Resources Institute’s Global Forest Watch released new data on 25 April about global tree cover loss. Share Details. This is taken from the FAO. This update of gross forest cover loss includes new 2017 loss-year and multispectral imagery layers. Twelve years of global deforestation, wildfires, windstorms, insect infestations, and more are captured in a new set of forest disturbance maps created from billions of pixels acquired by the imager on the NASA-USGS Landsat 7 satellite. Forest cover in general refers to the relative (in percent) or sure (in square kilometers/square miles) land area that is covered by forests. Label. The Global Forest Resources Model (GFRM), developed in this study, is based on tabular data per country and projects forest area change using exogenous projections of arable land and wood demand. Rome, 2012. The reprocessing of data from 2011 to 2012 in measuring loss, 3. This update of gross forest cover loss includes a new 2014 loss layer. This number represents 10.7% of the total global forest area of 4.03 billion hectares. The publication is Hansen, M.C. Encoded as either 0 (no loss) or else a value in the range 1–14, representing … Interactive World Forest Map & Tree Cover Change Data | GFW Explore the state of forests worldwide by analyzing tree cover change on GFW’s interactive global forest map using satellite data. This project is focused on developing global tree cover change data products based on Landsat satellite imagery, which will be available for display and download on the Global Forest Watch 2.0 (GFW 2.0) web platform. BRI is the Chinese government’s global development strategy to revitalise the old Silk Road, linking China with Asia… Improved per senso… According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, a forest is defined as land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 meters and a canopy cover of more than 10 percent, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ. Released on November 14, 2013. When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. Large-scale planting of trees is significantly reducing the net loss of forest area globally, and afforestation and natural expansion of forests in some countries and regions have reduced the net loss of forest area significantly at the global level. Share Details. Forest Cover highlights how hype around NBS is being used as cover for pushing forest offsets, monoculture tree plantations and other false solutions, and also provides examples of the real solutions that our members in Colombia, … Forests cover about 31 percent of total land area of the world; the world's total forest area is just over 4 billion hectares. This edition of Forest Cover focuses on the Belt Road Initiative (BRI). Journal of Historical Geography, 26, 1 (2000) 28–46. Global Forest Cover Change. Chicago, USA, University of Chicago Press. Although satellite … The map shows forest cover density around the world in 2010. The Global Forest Coalition (GFC) is an international coalition of NGOs and Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations defending social justice and the rights of forest peoples in forest policies. Improved training data for calibrating the loss model, 4. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Twelve years of global deforestation, wildfires, windstorms, insect infestations, and more are captured in a new set of forest disturbance maps created from billions of pixels acquired by the imager on the NASA-USGS Landsat 7 satellite. Our planet lost 12 million hectares of tropical tree cover in 2018. 61 (Hamburg 1952). Forests Why increase in global tree cover does not call for celebration. In brief – Forests, biodiversity and people, FAO & UNEP, FAO & UNEP. This is including Landsat Annual Timelapse 1984-2012 of Amazon Deforestation (it also includes data on forest cover change in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2000-2010)). Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. 3 Global Land Cover Facility www.landcover.org Global 250 m, 500 m, 1 km, and 0.05° gridded FCC ESDR products aggregated from the 30 m resolution FCC product. Explore interactive global tree cover loss charts by country. Deforestation in New Zealand over the last centuries. Key changes include: 1. Much of it could be due to the increase in planted forests, which are more vulnerable to extreme climatic events . [9], The largest part of the forest (45 percent) is found in the tropical domain, followed by the boreal, temperate and subtropical domains. / Global Observation of Forest Cover and Land Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Photo: NASA Earth Observatory. A. G. Anderson and D. Brunch [London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1977], 32–33. I have repositioned the legend. et al (2013) – High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change. The global forest height map is a prototype product that has known issues related to GEDI data quality and Landsat optical time-series data availability and feasibility of characterizing forest structure. There are three main components of this project: (1) Produce a Landsat-based global, annualized tree cover change product at 30 meter resolution for the years 2000 through 2012 … This area comprises 128.8 million km 2, which is the equivalent of 143 billion pixels of Landsat data at a thirty-meter spatial … De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "global forest cover loss" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. Over the last centuries the forest cover was substantially reduced. Analyze global forest data and trends, including land use change, deforestation rates and forest fires. data to the map. About half of these (5-10 GtCO 2 e annually) comes from deforestation and forest degradation. A team led by University of Maryland’s Matt Hansen used Earth Engine to survey over a decade of global tree cover extent, loss, and gain. FAOA very important publication by the FAO on the topic are the State of the World’s Forests that is available here.The FAO database on Forestry is online here. Label. Tree height over cities and suburbs may be confounded with building … This visualization shows long-run estimates of deforestation by type of forest. Despite increased awareness of the key role played by the tropical forests in solving the most urgent global environment and development challenges, the rate of tropical … The GFC dataset provides the best highest resolution map of forest cover yet produced (Hansen et al., 2013). The dataset allows forest loss and forest gain to be measured against a baseline of year 2000 forest cover. (2013) Global Forest Change dataset available in Google Earth Engine data catalog to determine the Forest Cover, Forest Gain, and Forest Loss in Malaysia. Released on November 14, 2013. As part of the #OurNatureIsNotYourSolution campaign we’re launching this special edition of our magazine Forest Cover, written in collaboration with our member groups. The tropics lost 11.9 million hectares of tree cover in 2019, according to data from the University of Maryland, released today on Global Forest Watch. Global Forest Cover. Approximately half the forest area is relatively intact, and more than one-third is primary forest (i.e. Support GFC › GFC Image Library. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. We license all charts under Creative Commons BY. Forest cover can be increased by reforestation and afforestation efforts, but it is very virtually impossible to restore the full range of ecological services once natuaral forests are converted to other land uses. The global forest cover and change maps will be made available for free download at the Global Land Cover Facility (www.landcover.org). Most of the rest has been fragmented, leaving only about 15 percent intact. Almost half the forest area (49 percent) is relatively intact, while 9 percent is found in fragments with little or no connectivity. If you have expertise in this area and would like to contribute, apply here to join us as a researcher. (Reports, 15 November 2013, p. 850) published a high-resolution global forest map with detailed information on local forest loss and gain. Information was collected from 229 countries and territories for three points in time: 1990, 2000 and 2005. Global Forest Watch (GFW) is an open-source web application to monitor global forests in near real-time. This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. The Earth’s most varied and most mysterious ecosystem, the tropical rainforest, has been reduced to half of its original size. Global Forest Watch (GFW) is an open-source web application to monitor global forests in near real-time. We will further develop our work on this topic in the future (to cover it in the same detail as for example our entry on World Population Growth). By utilizing the forest ecological zones (FEZs) as a processing unit, making full use of the existing data to obtain global forest sample points, as well as with the huge catalog of satellite imagery on GEE, we proposed an automated pipeline method for generating 30-m resolution global-scale forest cover map. Over the last centuries the forest cover was substantially reduced. Online here. The use of Landsat 8 OLI data for 2013 onward, 2. Plantation forests cover about 131 million ha, which is 3 percent of the global forest area and 45 percent of the total area of planted forests. Forests cover about 31 percent of total land area of the world; the world's total forest area is just over 4 billion hectares. Global Forest Cover. April 2011. Encoded as either 1 (gain) or 0 (no gain). Earth Science Data Records of Global Forest Cover Change. 1990 - 2016. [10], The world’s total growing stock of trees decreased slightly, from 560 billion m3 in 1990 to 557 billion m3 in 2020, due to a net decrease in forest area. Global forest cover gain 2000–2012 (gain) Forest gain during the period 2000–2012, defined as the inverse of loss, or a non-forest to forest change entirely within the study period. READ MORE. Forest cover by state in the United States, Forest cover by state or territory in Australia, Forest cover by province or territory in Canada, Forest cover by federal subject in Russia, License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons, "Quantification of global gross forest cover loss", "Global Tree Cover Loss Rose 51 Percent in 2016", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forest_cover&oldid=993246385, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 16:04. Forest area (% of land area) Agricultural land (% of land area) Agricultural land (sq. Results from time-series analysis of Landsat images in characterizing global forest extent and change. The highest share of plantation forest is in South America with 99 percent of the total planted-forest area and 2 percent of the total forest area. Help us do this work by making a donation. The source is the FAO (2013) – Statistical Yearbook, online here. [1], Forest cover is one category of terrestrial land cover. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. Forest area (sq. Global forest cover gain 2000–2012 (gain) Forest gain during the period 2000–2012, defined as the inverse of loss, or a non-forest to forest change entirely within the study period. The chosen coloring is not ideal – the blue is difficult to distinguish from the black, and the pink is equally difficult to distinguish from the red. The remaining 20 percent is located in more than 34 million patches across the world – the vast majority less than 1 000 hectares in size. Science 342 (6160) 850-853. Temperate forests cover about 10.4 million km 2, (an estimated 40-50% of their original extent) contributing to approximately 25% of the world’s forest cover today. Global forest land-use change from 1990 to 2010 4 Survey results The area in forest land use declined between 1990 and 2010 The survey shows that the total forest area in 2010 was 3.89 billion hectares, which is around 30 percent of the global land area (Table 1). [8], More than half (54%) of the world’s forests is in only five countries – the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of America and China.[8]. Global forest cover, however crucial for soil health, the water cycle, climate and air quality it is, is severely threatened by deforestation, as a direct consequence of agriculture, grazing,[3] and mining. “ At the Forest Development Authority in Liberia, we saw a need to improve science-based decision making in forest resource management. This work was performed in service of the Global Forest Cover Change Project (www.forestcover.org), a partnership of the University of Maryland Global Land Cover Facility (www.landcover.org) and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Global forest cover was just under 4 billion ha in 2005, 36% of which were classified as primary forests Forests provide approximately 1.6 billion people with food, medicines, fuel and other basic necessities Over two thirds of known land-based species live in forests Approximately 8000 tree species, or 9% of the total number of tree species worldwide, are currently under threat of extinction The latest … Forest cover by state in India; Forest cover by federal subject in Russia; Forest cover by province or territory in Canada; Forest cover by state or territory in Australia; Forest restoration; Reforestation; Sources. Since 1990 Europe has seen an increase in forests while Africa and the Americas saw forests declining. This is taken from FAO (2012) – The State of the World’s Forests. The four maps show the changing vegetation in New Zealand since 700. The study, published in Science, analyzed nearly all global land, excluding only Antarctica and some Arctic islands. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. This map shows the estimates of forest cover by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This is taken from Michael Williams (2000) – Dark ages and dark areas: global deforestation in the deep past. km)’ (by country) is available in the World Development Indicators (WDI) published by the World Bank (here).Other Specialised InstitutionsThe Center for Global Development’s FORMA (or Forest Monitoring for Action) allows close tracking and analysis of global deforestation trends. The 2005 Global Forest Resource Assessment coordinated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ( ) is the most comprehensive assessment of forests to date, in terms of content and the number of contributors. We show that their product does not distinguish tropical forests from plantations and even herbaceous crops, which leads to a substantial underestimate of forest loss and compromises its value for local policy decisions. It includes several datasets for countries and world regions since 1961. / Results from time-series analysis of Landsat images characterizing forest extent and change. Most of this loss has taken place over the past five to six decades. Text taken from The State of the World’s Forests 2020. Bastin et al. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. Global Forest Cover, Loss, and Gain 2000-2012. ), Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (Chicago 1956) 98–9, based on O. Schlüter, Die Siedlungsräume Mittleuropas in frügeschichtlicher Zeit: Part 1—Forschungen zur Deutschen Landeskunde, Vol. The trop-ical dry forests of South America had the highest. The reprocessing of data from 2011 onward in measuring loss, 3. Online here. This tutorial uses Hansen et al. The high-resolution global map of forest cover loss and gain in Hansen et al. It is online here.The IIASA Global Forest Database is online here.The Eurostat website ‘Statistics Explained’ publishes up-to-date statistical information on forestry is online here. About Data. / Trees are defined as vegetation taller than 5m in height and are expressed as a percentage per output grid cell as ‘2000 Percent Tree Cover’. These domains are further divided into terrestrial global ecological zones, 20 of which contain some forest cover. The original source of the data is the FAO, Statistics Division (FAOSTAT). The FSC was established in 1993 as a coalition effort between the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and a number of environmental NGOs, timber producers, indigenous groups and … The restoration of forested land at a global scale could help capture atmospheric carbon and mitigate climate change. 2020. Roughly 80 percent of the world’s forest area is found in patches larger than 1 million hectares. The forest rangers have been successful in getting local authorities to remove illegal colonists from the reserve. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). I combined two figures of this book for the four maps shown here. Global Forest Cover. Forests chopped down in tropics outweighed by more trees in regions which were previously too cold Global Forest Cover. Forests are primarily threatened by land … This article incorporates text from "Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 Key findings" (PDF). The 'first' and 'last' bands are reference multispectral imagery from the first and last available years for Landsat spectral bands 3, 4, 5, and 7. Global 30 m resolution forest cover and change (FCC) estimates from 1990 to 2000, and 2000 to 2005 with per-pixel level accuracy indicators. Pictured are agricultural fires in Sumatra, Indonesia. in New Zealand and Lesotho. Bastin et al. Tropical rainforests and boreal coniferous forests are the least fragmented, whereas subtropical dry forest and temperate oceanic forests are among the most fragmented. Global forest cover. Forest loss during the study period, defined as a stand-replacement disturbance, or a change from a forest to non-forest state. GFC30 provides reliable and valid data support for the analysis of forest cover states in different scales, including the spatial distribution of global forest, forest cover states for each continent, and the forest cover states of highly concerned areas, such as the Amazon River Basin, the Congo River Basin, and Southeast Asia. OSINFOR. Forest change, especially forest loss, has become one of the major issues of the globe. According to WRI research, 30 percent of global forest cover has been cleared, while another 20 percent has been degraded. Since the onset of agriculture (about 12,000 years ago), the number of trees worldwide has dropped by 46%, according to one research published in 2018. Forest area (sq. On the other hand, growing stock is increasing per unit area globally and in all regions; it rose from 132 m3 per ha in 1990 to 137 m3 per ha in 2020. You can use all of what you find here for your own research or writing. Relative to the version 1.0 product our method has been modified in numerous ways, and the new update should be seen as part of a transition to a future version 2.0 that is more consistent over the entire 2000-onward period. Just two months ago, an FAO report revealed that between 1990 and 2015, the world's forests decreased from 31.6 per cent of the world's … Land cover is the observed physical features, both natural and manmade, that occupy the earth’s immediate surface ... forest cover is defined as 25% or greater canopy closure at the Landsat pixel scale (30-m × 30-m spatial resolution) for trees >5 m in height. is a fascinating and much-needed tool for both research and conservation planning. We aim to curb deforestation worldwide and help to restore and reforest already-cleared … For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. km) Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. The potential for global forest cover. Annually, these certified forests account for an estimated 523.4 million m3 of industrial roundwood production, 29.6% of the world total. The Global Land Cover Facility (GLCF) global forest-cover and -change dataset is a multi-temporal depiction of long-term (multi-decadal), global forest dynamics at high (30-m) resolution. This data is provided by University of Maryland, Department of Geography.. Satellite images and data provide critical information to better understand the complex processes between forests, land use and climate change, and to inform decision makers who work on the management of natural resources and on strategies to cope with climate change. Global Forest Loss. Forests cover 31 percent of the global land area. Large-scale planting of trees is significantly reducing the net loss of forest area globally, and afforestation and natural expansion of forests in some countries and regions have reduced the net loss of forest area significantly at the global level. As part of the #OurNatureIsNotYourSolution campaign we’re launching this special edition of our magazine Forest Cover, written in collaboration with our member groups. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. Around 25% of global emissions come from the land sector, the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions after the energy sector. Planted forests now cover some 264 million hectares, comprising nearly 7 percent of total forest area. … [4] Tree Cover Product Water Mask 1.3. Approximately 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide, one-third of the CO 2 released … The data and research currently presented here is a preliminary collection or relevant material. Let's start by adding the Hansen et al. The original source of these maps is R. G. Cochrane, “The Impact of Man on the Natural Biota,” in New Zealand in Maps, ed. Overall the extent of temperate forests is stable, with countries in Europe and temperate forests in China gaining cover, … based on Earth observations of global forest cover and land surface temperatures. Global Forest Cover Change (GFCC) Tree Cover Multi-Year Global 30m The Landsat Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF) tree cover layers contain estimates of the percentage of horizontal ground in each 30-m pixel covered by woody vegetation greater than 5 meters in height. About GFC. License: CC BY-4.0 Line Bar Map. The original source of these maps is H. C. Darby, The clearing of the woodland in Europe, in W. L. Thomas (Ed. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. The Earth’s most varied and most mysterious ecosystem, the tropical rainforest, has been reduced to half of its original size. Hansen et al . Nearly a third of that loss, 3.8 million hectares, occurred within humid tropical primary forests , areas of mature rainforest that are especially important for biodiversity and carbon storage. Global tree cover has increased 7% since 1982, finds biggest ever study. GFW is an initiative of the World Resources Institute (WRI), with partners including Google, USAID, the University of Maryland (UMD), Esri, Vizzuality and many other academic, non-profit, public, and private organizations. 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